Top 5 Engineering Branches

Introduction to Engineering Branches

Engineering is the art of applying problem-solving skills to scientific theories, mathematical methods to analyze and design solutions.

 In the contemporary era, engineering consists of folllowing significant primary branches.

There are various engineering sub-disciplines and interdisciplinary subjects which are a part of these branches. Student opts for minors for such branches in their studies.

At St. Andrews Institute of Technology & Management (SAITM) which is an Engineering college in Gurgaon, Sub branches of Machine learning & Artificial intelligence are offered with Computer Science Engineering.

How did top Engineering Branches emerge

The first engineer known by name and achievement is Imhotep, builder of the Step Pyramid at Ṣaqqārah, Egypt, probably about 2550 BCE. Imhotep’s successors—Egyptian, Persian, Greek, and Roman—carried civil engineering to remarkable heights based on empirical methods aided by arithmetic, geometry, and a smattering of physical science. 

Some of the work of civil engineering

  • The Pharos (lighthouse) of Alexandria, 
  • Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem, 
  • the Colosseum in Roe, 
  • the Persian Roman road systems, 

Many other large structures, some of which endure to this day, testify to their skill, imagination, and daring. 

Top Most Streams of Engineering

Core engineering disciplines lead to several other ‘specialist’ fields. For example, there are many branches of Civil Engineering or many branches of Mechanical Engineering that can branch out to – after doing B. Tech in the field. There are five main core branches of engineering.

Computer Science Engineering

CSE, as the name applies, is the study of computers (software and hardware). The students applies the principles of basic science and learn problem-solving skills within constraints.

Computer engineers typically design not only the hardware but also much of the software in computer-based systems.

All scientists and engineers need a firm foundation in basic science and math. Computer engineers specifically are comfortable with both hardware and software. 

Depending on where the interests lie, either one can emphasizes on Mechanical Engineers who have good graduate prospects.

Engineers build societies and, mechanical engineers correctly, apply fundamental maths and physics laws to create and build mechanical devices we use every day. So it’s no surprise to see that mechanical engineer students enjoy particularly good graduate prospects.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineers have good graduate prospects. Engineers build societies and, mechanical engineers correctly, apply fundamental maths and physics laws to create and build mechanical devices we use every day. So it’s no surprise to see that mechanical engineer students enjoy particularly good graduate prospects.

It is worth noted that mechanical engineers could become excellent entrepreneurs. The mechanical engineers are aware of industries, manufacturing, processing, etc., which can help them build a strong, smooth flow in entrepreneurship.

Civil Engineering 

The education required to become a Civil Engineer is far from easy. Civil Engineers need to design things that tie many different disciplines and systems together. 

They have to spend a lot of time surveying. Civil engineering graduates i.e civil engineers can work in any infrastructure project. They are ranging from the construction and maintenance of bridges, power stations, airports, dams, highways, expressways, waterways, industrial units, manufacturing plants, buildings, and factories, etc. 

If someone has an interest in design, construction, and creativity of buildings, then a civil engineering career is the best choice for to prove abilities and find the career.

Electronics and Communication Engineering

Electronic engineering is an electrical engineering discipline which utilizes nonlinear and active electrical components to design electronic circuits, devices, VLSI devices and their systems. 

The discipline typically also designs passive electrical components, usually based on printed circuit boards. Some of the labs worth mentioning are 

  • Programming lab, 
  • PCB Design 
  • Fabrication lab, 
  • Software Design Lab, 
  • Satellite Communication Lab,
  • Embedded Systems Lab.  

The primary research areas are Signal Processing & Communication, RF & Microwave Engineering, VLSI Design, Embedded systems Design, Controls & Instrumentation, Big Data, Data Mining, Data Warehousing, Business Intelligence, Neural Network .

Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.  

Conclusion

 In the contemporary era, engineering consists of the significant primary branches of computer science engineering, civil engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering. 

There are numerous other engineering sub-disciplines and interdisciplinary subjects that may or may not be part of these major engineering branches.

 It’s ultimately a matter of choice and interest that a particular student adopts branch. 

These are the core branches after completion of engineering from these branches has numerous options to explore further.

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